Acronyms & Abbreviations

A ADC Atlantic Data Coverage
ADEOS Advanced Earth Observing Satellite (Japan)
AHRPT Advanced High Rate Picture Transmission
AMSU Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit
APT Automatic Picture Transmission
ARGOS Data Collection and Location System
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASDAR Aircraft to Satellite Data Relay
ATMS Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder
ATN Advanced TIROS-N
ATOVS Advanced TOVS
AVHRR Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
B BoM Bureau of Meteorology (Australia)
C CCD CCD Charge Coupled Device
CCIR CCIR Consultative Committee on International Radio
CD CD Compact Disc
CDA CDA Command and Data Acquisition
CDAS CDAS Command and Data Acquisition Station
CEOS CEOS Committee on Earth Observation Satellites
CGMS CGMS Coordination Group for Meteorological Satellites
CHRPT CHRPT Chinese HRPT
CMA CMA China Meteorological Agency
CMS CMS Centre de Meteorologie Spatiale (Lannion)
CMV CMV Cloud Motion Vector
CMW CMW Cloud Motion Wind
COSPAR COSPAR Committee on Space Research
COSPAS Cosmicheskaya Sistyema Poiska Avariynich Sudov (Russian equivalent of SARSAT)
CDCS Data Collection System
D DMSP Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (USA)
DOMSAT Domestic telecommunications relay Satellite
DVD Digital Versatile Disc
DWD Deutscher Wetterdienst (Germany)
E EARS ATOVS Retransmission Service
ECT Equator Crossing Time
ECMWF European Centre for Medium-range Weather Forecasts
ENVISAT Environment monitoring Satellite
EOS Earth Observation System
EPS EUMETSAT Polar System
ERBE Earth Budget Radiation Experiment
ESA European Space Agency
ESOC European Space Operations Centre
ESSA Environmental Science Services Administration
EUMETSAT European Meteorological Satellite Organisation
F FAA Federal Aviation Authority
FAX Facsimile
FOV Field of View
FY Feng Yun (cloud and wind) Chinese weather satellites
G GAC Global Area Coverage
GDPT Global Data Picture Transmission (FY polar satellites)
GERB Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget
GMS Geostationary Meteorological Satellite (Japan)
GOES Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellite (USA)
GOMS Geostationary Operational Meteorological Satellite (Russian Fed.)
GPS Global Positioning System
GTS Global Telecommunications System (WMO)
GVAR GOES Variable
H HiRID High Resolution Imager Data
HIRS High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder
HR High Resolution
HRD High Rate Data
HRIT High Rate Information Transmission
HRPT High Resolution Picture Transmission
HSRS High Spectral Resolution Sounder
I IDCS International Data Collection System
IFOV Instantaneous Field of View
IFRB International Frequency Registration Board
INSAT INSAT Indian geostationary Satellite
IR Infrared
ITOS Improved TIROS Operational Satellite
ITU International Telecommunications Union
J JAXA Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
JMA Japan Meteorological Agency
K KNMI Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute
L LAC Local Area Coverage
LDPT Local Data Picture Transmission (FY polar satellites)
LRD Low Rate Data (NPOESS)
LRIT Low Rate Information Transmission
LRPT Low Rate Picture Transmission
LST Local Solar Time
M MARF Meteorological Archive and Retrieval Facility (EUMETSAT)
MDD Meteorological Data Distribution
METEOR Polar-orbiting weather satellite (Russian Federation)
METEOSAT Geostationary weather satellite (EUMETSAT)
METOP Meteorological Operational Polar satellite (EUMETSAT)
METSAT Indian geostationary weather satellite
MIRP Manipulated Information Rate Processor
MODIS Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer
MSG Meteosat Second Generation
MSU Microwave Sounding Unit
MTG Meteosat Third Generation
MTP Meteosat Transition Programme
MTSAT Multi-functional Transport Satellite (Japan)
N NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NASDA National Space Development Agency (Japan)
NESDIS National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service
NMC National Meteorological Centre
NOAA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
NPOESS National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System
NPP NPOESS Preparatory Project
NWS National Weather Service (USA)
O OCEANSAT Ocean applications Satellite (India)
P PDUS Primary Data User Station
POES Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite (USA)
Q QFH Quadrifilar Helix
R RSO Rapid Scan Operations
RSS Rapid Scan Service
S SAF SAF Satellite Applications Facility
SAR Search and Rescue
SARSAT Search and Rescue Satellite Aided Tracking
SBUV Solar Backscattered Ultra Violet (Ozone instrument)
SDUS Secondary Data User Station
SEM Space Environment Monitor
SEVIRI Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager (MSG)
SMA State Meteorological Administration (China)
SMD Stored Mission Data (NPOESS)
SOCC Satellite Operations Control Center
SSP Sub-Satellite Point
SST Sea Surface Temperature
SSU Stratospheric Sounding Unit
S-VISSR Stretched VISSR
T TBUS Satellite prediction bulletin
TD Technical Document
TIP TIROS Information Processor
TIROS Television Infra Red Observation Satellite
TOMS Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer
TOVS TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder
U UTC Universal Coordinated Time
V VHRR Very High Resolution Radiometer
VIRSR Visible and Infrared Scanning Radiometer (EPS)
VIS Visible channel
VISSR Visible and Infrared Spin Scan Radiometer
W WEFAX Weather Facsimile
WMO World Meteorological Organisation
WV Water Vapour
WWW World Weather Watch (WMO)
Z ZAP Z-axis Precession Mode (GOES)
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